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Gorilla

Posted in Mammals

Gorillas are the largest of the great apes.  They are 4 to 6 feet tall and weigh 300 to 485 lbs. Densely muscular, these animals have broad chests and shoulders, large hands, and arms that are longer than their legs.  They usually walk upright on their legs, but also walk on all four limbs at certain times. 

 

Their face is black and hairless, with small eyes that are close together and large, prominent nostrils.  Their fur is usually black to brownish-gray and mature males have a spot of silver-white hair on their back.

 

Along with chimpanzees and bonobos, they are humans closest animal relative. 

 

 

 

Where-do-they-live

Gorillas live in the tropical and subtropical forests of Central Africa.

 

 

What-do-they-eat

Gorillas are generally considered herbivores.  They eat plants like leaves, shoots, roots, vines and fruit but have also been known to eat insects and other small animals.

 

 

What-are-their-predators

The gorilla doesn’t have many natural predators.  Leopards occasionally try to prey on gorillas, but they are no match against the gorillas brute strength. Leopards sometimes capture sick gorillas that are too weak to fight and young gorillas that have been separated from their mothers, but nothing in the forest compares to the strength of a healthy adult gorilla.

 

 

What-are-their-defenses

To defend itself, a gorilla relies heavily on the strength of its massive arms and upper body.  Gorillas stand up tall, flash their sharp canine teeth and make loud noises and even beat their chest to ward off enemies.  They also make tools to use in their defense, which they sharpen with their teeth.

 

 

 

Did-you-know

 

scientist have shown that gorillas display individual personalities?

 

 

Danger-scale

 

 

Although they are far stronger than humans, gorillas are only dangerous when they feel threatened.  They are shy, gentle and highly-intelligent creatures with many human-like qualities.

 

 

My-favorite-thing

about gorillas is how they stand up and beat their chest when they feel threatened.  It makes them look really tough!

 

What is your favorite thing about gorillas?

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